Fishing hooks have been around in the form that we know them today for about 6,000 years. But while they were once crude and made of bone, brass, or bronze, today there are thousands of different styles, each in dozens of sizes, finishes, colors, wire thicknesses, and shank lengths.
There are in fact different types of the fishing hook for the anglers. The types are for determining the right fit for catching the right kinds of fishes. Also, the difference makes your fishing experience more precise and proper in different types of ponds, river, and seas.
Here are the details of different types of fishing hooks below.
Hooks are available in a single point, double point, and triple point (treble hooks) for all types of lure and bait fishing. Lure hooks usually have regular-length shanks, straight eyes (not turned up or down), rounded bends, and straight or curved points.
These hooks come in the standard single-point, double-point, or treble-hook format. Single hooks are usually used on spoons, spinnerbaits, buzzbaits, jigs, and with soft-plastic worms; double hooks are found on some spoons; treble hooks are used on spinners, topwater plugs, and crankbaits.
Bait hooks can be long shank (for hooking minnows and other lengthy baits), or short shank (for fish eggs, corn kernels, or cheese chunks).
Many have turned-up or turned-down eyes to make it easy to snell them-to wrap the line around the shank in order to “tie” the hook to the line, creating a built-in leader.
Both wire (for toothy fish) and monofilament (for most fishing) are used for snells, although mono is much easier to tie. Snelling keeps the mono in a straight line with the hook shank and is much preferred for bait fishing since the line attachment is on the hook, rather than at the end, and thus often hidden in the bait.
Snelled hooks are sold, but you can easily make your own. Note that only hooks with turned-up or turned-down eyes can be properly snelled.
Always use a hook of the correct size for the fish you are after. Hook size does not always match fish size: Some large fish have big mouths and take big baits, while others have small mouths and can only take small baits.
Also, there are some other considerations for the large fishing hooks as well. The big fishing hooks can be good for the saltwater fishing.
Almost every fishing lure comes rigged with a hook of the size and design best for the fish size and species for which the lure is intended.
Hook sizes are numbered, with size 1 being suitable for bass, sea bass, flounder, carp, catfish, and similar fish. These bass fishing hooks are in the 1- to 3-pound range.
The small carp fishing hooks are also good for angling sweet water fishes. You can use them on your camping trip.
Smaller hooks have larger numbers and are usually only available in even sizes. Hooks range down to about size 12 to 14 for many bait models, and down to such small sizes like 20 to 28 for midge flies.
These fly fishing hooks can be great in different camp angling and sports fishing.
Larger hooks use a “70” designation (said to indicate “ocean,” although they are also used in fresh water). Thus, sizes ranging from 1/0 to 10/0 are increasingly larger. These hooks are usually available in both even and odd number.
Some are also weighted and catch different fishes. Weighted hooks for fishing is a useful feature for getting a bait down in fast water. Special plastic worm hooks bend near the eye so that the worm is straight when the hook is run through the head and back into the body in a classic weedless Texas rig.
Hooks generally consist of an eye (to which the line is tied), shank, bend, point, and barb. The eye can be straight, turned up, or turned down. Straight eyes are essential for attaching to lures, rigs, or split rings. A turned-up or turned-down eye is best for bait fishing.
The shank length will vary with the type of hook: Long-shank hooks are ideal for fish that take minnows (trout in fresh water, flounder in salt water), and for toothy fish (pike in fresh water, bluefish in salt water).
These sank makes the best size hooks for trout fishing. You can easily choose a hook by its sank if you are planning for trout fishing. Also, bass fishing treble hooks work like a charm and keep the one point exposed for better fishing performance.
Special baitholder hooks are available with barbs on the shank to keep baits from sliding off. Treble bait hooks also have a spring around the shank; this helps to hold on prepared baits such as dough balls for carp fishing. I have seen saltwater surf fishing with treble hooks that work great.
The type of bend in a hook also varies, with some bends round, others angled, and some very large to provide the maximum gap.
Hooks with a large gap are best for bulky baits or soft-plastic lures. The gap is sufficient and remains through the bait or lure to hook a fish.
Kirbed, or offset, hooks–bent to one side are designed for bait since they tend to catch in the fish’s mouth and make hooking easier.
Worm hooks with a wire guard are useful when you are fishing in areas with weeds or other underwater obstructions. The small wire attached to the hook acts as a deflector and keeps the line from getting snagged.
At the same time, it is sensitive enough to bend out of the way when a fish strikes the hook Points also vary, with most being long and having a barb designed to keep the fish from coming off the hook.
Barbless hooks are also available; these work just as well but make it easier to remove a hook from the fish (essential for catch-and-release fishing). Conversely, some hooks have two in-line barbs as additional insurance against losing a fish.
Hook shanks also vary, from long-shank hooks for long baits such as minnows, to short shanks for burying a hook into a salmon egg, to barbed shanks for holding baits and soft plastics.