It is really tough but essential to understanding what lures catch what fish. Also, one should know, different fishing lures types and their uses. A vast knowledge with some experience will let you identify a better match for the lures.
In my experience with different types of fishing with efficiency, I have used different lures. I am a bit geeky about things, so I think it will be fair to say that I can provide some information on this topic.
HERE IS AN ENORMOUS variety of lures, each designed to catch specific fish in particular situations. Here is a broad cross-section of the many types of lures and their uses. Surface plugs come in the
Large and small sizes are available for both fresh water and salt water. Use them when you are fishing shallows, for any surface-feeding fish, or when fish are breaking the surface. A tip about buying these lures: Check the belly color, since this is what the fish mostly sees.
Most are white, yellow, or black. Use white for bright days, yellow for overcast days, and black for dull days or night fishing. Let us discuss different types of lures for saltwater, normal water, and different fishes.
Some saltwater surface lures actually sink. Their heavy weight helps you cast them on the stout tackle, and also creates a wake and noise on your retrieve. These best types of fishing lures work well in close to the top position.
The slanted face combined with a fast retrieve keeps them on or near the surface. They are fished by casting to schools of fish that are breaking the surface, or in areas where you suspect the fish to be close to the top.
Floating-diving plugs and crankbaits are similar-since you cast them out and reel (or crank) them back in. The former group may be designed to always stay on the surface, or they may dip down when retrieved quickly. In the fishing lure guide section in this website, we will discuss these types of lures more.
Both plugs and crankbaits can be used for trolling in fresh and salt water. But usually, crankbaits are more popular for this purpose. Crankbaits can be designed as shallow, medium, and deep runners. The longer the lip and the closer it is to parallel with the lure body, the deeper the plug will run.
The best lures to troll offshore from a large boat are skipping lures-large skirted lures designed to skip and bounce across the surface. Usually made of vinyl, wood, metal, and hard plastic, many are also brightly colored and sport large eyes to look like baitfish.
The head of the lure has a center hole through which a heavy wire or monofilament leader runs; this is then cinched or snelled to a large ocean hook.
Skipping lures are primarily used offshore, but smaller versions are used inshore for coastal species such as bluefish, dolphinfish, and striped bass. The lures are trolled skipping on the surface, usually in the first or second wave behind the boat.
You can use several designs or colors, fishing each from a different rod. With outriggers extended from the side of the boat, you can troll as many as eight lures at the same time.
Jigs and bucktails can be bare and plain to hold a soft plastic grub or worm, or they can be dressed with hair, synthetics, or feather tails. Replaceable rubber or plastic skirts are also popular in both fresh and salt water. Often tipped with bait or a soft plastic trailer, jigs are available in sizes ranging from 16 ounces through 20 ounces. You can use these lures for fishing in the lake as well.
Most freshwater jigs weigh from about 12 ounces through 12 ounces; most saltwater, from ounce through several ounces. They can be cast or trolled there are specific designs for each use), fished close to the surface, or dropped straight down to catch bottom fish.
In the different types of saltwater lures, you can get much with the Vinyl trolling lures. These Lures are designed mostly for saltwater fishing and are made so that the line or leader runs through the lure before a hook is tied on.
In saltwater fishing, jigs can be used for deep jigging (as over structure or wrecks), casting, or trolling Structure spoons are thick metal lures used in deep jigging over reefs in salt water, surf casting along coasts, and deep fishing over the structure in fresh water.
Many styles, sizes, and finishes of fishing lures are available. But most tend to be bright and flashy and to employ treble hooks. The addition of a swivel to this rig will often prevent the line from twisting as a result of the spoon’s action in the water.
Structure or jigging spoons can be used for casting or for vertical jigging since they are heavily weighted and will sink rapidly.
Casting spoons are curved to make them wobble when trolled or retrieved. Often, they are fished around weeds, so they require a wire weed guard. Casting spoons with free-swinging hooks are used mostly in salt water; those with a fixed hook, more often in fresh water.
Trolling spoons are much like casting spoons but are generally larger. Some use a single hook fastened to the spoon; others have a free-swinging single or treble hook. To take them deeper, trolling spoons are sometimes rigged with an in-line or drop sinker.
Spinners have a central shaft with a rotating blade that flashes and attracts fish. They are primarily used for casting and retrieving in fresh water. Sizes to catch everything from trout fishing to muskies are available, in many styles, finishes, and colors. Spinners tend to twist line, so a good swivel is essential.
There are different types of lures for bass fishing. These lures and spoons are ideal for catching bass. Let us know more on these lures below.
Casting spoons are often made in weed fewer styles (as shown in these examples). for fishing in weeds for bass, pike, and walleyes. Trolling spoons are used in open water, and thus seldom have weed guards. Since they are made of thin metal and designed for a lot of wobble in the water, they are difficult to cast.
Spinners are among the most popular of lures for all freshwater fishing since many styles are available for everything from trout to muskies.
Spinnerbaits look like jigs but have a safety-pin-like arm that extends from the lead head. At its end are one or two blades that rotate and flash. With that, a skirt just behind the head covers the hook.
Spinnerbaits are designed for freshwater fishing at a variety of depths, but primarily for bass and walleyes using weight-forward spinnerbaits. Spinnerbaits are ideal for bass, walleyes, and pike. They are worked on the surface.
Buzzbaits slightly resemble spinnerbaits but use a wire form bent in a shape. One or two propeller blades are then attached to the end of the short upper arm. As with spinnerbaits, a skirt covers the head. Buzzbaits are most effective when worked on the surface for bass.
Buzzbaits can come in safety-pin-arm or straight styles, but all are designed to be worked on the surface, where the blades churn the water and attract fish.
Soft plastics comprise a large arsenal of lures for fresh and salt water. Many are close imitations of natural baits, such as worms, cray. fish, lizards, slugs, shrimp, or baitfish.
Others resemble nothing in nature and rely on their color, shape, and action (from arms, skirts, or other features) to attract fish. Soft plastics may be trolled, cast, deep jigged and fished in a wide variety of other ways for all freshwater and saltwater fish.
Trolling skirts are usually made of thin vinyl cut into slits. They are rigged with a leader through the body of the lure and a weight (usually an egg sinker) in the head to keep the lure skipping and swimming properly. They are also used as an additional skirt attract.
You can fish trolling skirts on the surface or deep by adjusting the trolling speed and/or sinker weight. Tube lures are like small trolling skirts with a short skirt section. They are generally made in smaller sizes for freshwater fishing and rigged like plastic worms. Larger sizes are also available for saltwater fishing