Backpacking and hiking are by nature are casual and relaxed sports. However, it is important to remember that the wilderness is totally indifferent to the presence of human visitors. While there are no forces seeking to harm hikers, there are none seeking to help them, either. So, one should have some hiking safety tips and rules while hiking in these areas.
While taking the right gadget, items and tents for camping or hiking are necessary, you also need proper water and food. And to find that we have made some safe water rules. These rules and tips will maintain safety while you going out for the rough and tough challenges.
Easiest Hiking Safety Tips to Follow
In any kind of wilderness emergency-whether snakebite, a sudden snowstorm, or scorching heat-you are entirely on your own. Even if companions can go for help in an emergency, hours or days may pass before rescuers arrive.
1. Proper Planning in Important for Safe Hiking
If you want to have a refreshing and perfect hiking experience without any safety issues, then proper planning is really important. First, plan, where are you going to hike. Then check the environment and weather of that area.
After that, you need to make a proper gear and clothing list, which you are taking for the hiking. You should also have a perfect tent and hammocks that are good to go for the weather and the environment of your hiking place. Keep proper first aid or medication according to the type of your hike and environment.
You should also check your hiking partners and companions. Are they young or child? Or only the adults are hiking. See and then make a plan.
2. Backcountry Hiking Safety
Backcountry safety is largely a matter of common sense.
Avoid pushing yourself or members of your party beyond their abilities. Most twisted ankles and broken bones occur because someone was rushing to reach a goal or pushing a slow hiker. Any group can travel safely only as fast as its slowest member.
Plan your trail hiking trip carefully, allowing extra time to reach each day’s campsite. In this case, you can also return to the car on a day hike. You may be distracted by a side hike or want to spend extra time on a mountaintop. If something goes wrong, such as a bad blister, you will have time to take care of the problem.
Plan for events such as sudden snowstorms, and consider exit routes where you can abort the trip early if needed. Carry a first aid kit and know how to use it. Take a first aid course!
3. Stay Hydrated but with Caution
Staying hydrated is important for proper and safer hunting.
One of the ways is to keep water with you, but carrying that much water for a long trip is quite tough. You can arrange the backpack for hiking in so perfect way that leaves space for keeping water in it.
Also, you need to collect it from the nearer water source.
The availability of water governs most backpack trips in Arizona. Most people plan their hikes so that there is water at each campsite and lunch stop and carry at least two quarts of water. Except during the winter, two quarts is usually a safe minimum, but in hotter weather or when water sources are uncertain, the safe minimum maybe four to eight quarts per person per day.
Although topographic and forest maps show springs and running streams, do not count on the water actually being there unless you have a reliable source of information or personal experience which indicates so.
Many springs and streams dry up after long dry periods of weather. Be aware of recent weather and precipitation, and carry enough water to see you through to the next water source if one happens to be dry.
Keep in mind that it is unnecessary to camp at a water source. Many dry camps are more pleasant than overused, trampled campsites near springs. Besides, your presence may prevent wildlife from coming for a drink-which could be particularly critical during the dry summer months.
4. Finding the Proper Water Source
There are a number of reliable collapsible water containers on the market. With one of these, a hiker can carry enough water from the last spring of the day to last through the night and into the next day until reaching another water source.
And hikers who are not restricted to campsites with water can choose from a spectacular variety of fine campsites-mountaintops, open ridges, and forested glades.
5. Water Safety Check
Are All Water Safe to Drink?
It’s sad but true that most wilderness water sources are no longer safe to drink. The exceptions are isolated springs and water flowing directly from a fresh snowfield. Increased human use has contaminated most other water sources, and many have been polluted by domestic cattle or wildlife.
Also, if you are in the desert, then you have to find the right source in the dryness of desert heat. And if you find that source, you have to check if, if it is safe enough to drinks or not.
6. Water Disease Concerns
Giardiasis, an often-severe gastrointestinal infection caused by a protozoa parasite, has received much attention in the past few years. Land management agencies and backpackers alike have voiced a great deal of concern over the problem.
It now seems clear that the protozoa causing Giardiasis is naturally present in many water supplies, including those of many cities, but is spread to wilderness areas by mammals, including man. Not all people are affected, but for those who are, the symptoms can be incapacitating.
7. Proper Clothing for Hiking Safety
You need to plan your backpacking for the hiking trip. First, you should know where you are hiking and plan your cloth and gear accordingly. If you are hiking in the colder weather areas, you should keep warm clothes and shocks for going there.
When leaving your vehicle at a trail head, make sure that valuables are out of sight, preferably locked in the trunk. Don’t tempt someone to break into your car. Ideally, leave nothing behind in the car and have a worry free hike.